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ikk332 Ontologiat / Ontologies

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Swoogle Semanttinen verkkohakukone
Wikipedia: Upper ontology "...an upper ontology (top-level ontology, or foundation ontology) is an attempt to create an ontology which describes very general concepts that are the same across all domains."
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koala.owl Koalan ontologia OWL-tiedostona
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koala.owl Nopea esimerkki Semantic Web-ontologiasta "raakana": Koalan ontologia OWL-tiedostona
 

Kielellisiä semanttisia verkkoja / Linguistic Semantic Webs

WordNet "WordNet is a large lexical database of English [...] Nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are grouped into sets of cognitive synonyms (synsets), each expressing a distinct concept. Synsets are interlinked by means of conceptual-semantic and lexical relations."
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Ontology Creation and Use: SENSUS Sensus-projekti tähtää luonnolisen kielen käsittelyyn tarkoitettujen laajojen ontologioiden luomiseen olemassa olevia tietokantoja yhdistelemällä.
John Bateman's ontology portal  
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Ontology Creation and Use: SENSUS Sensus-projekti tähtää luonnollisen kielen käsittelyyn tarkoitettujen laajojen ontologioiden luomiseen olemassa olevia tietokantoja yhdistelemällä. Sergei Nirenburgin symbolis-semanttisen konekäännöksen (Carnegie-Mellon -yliopisto) "jäämistö" konservatiivisessa ISI-instituutissa Kaliforniassa http://www.isi.org/about_isi.html
John Bateman's ontology portal John Bateman on soveltavan kielitieteen professori Bremenin yliopistossa, kova keräämään linkkejä
 

Temaattisia/assosiatiivisia semanttisia verkkoja / Thematic or Associative Semantic Webs

Simple Knowledge Organisation Systems (SKOS) "SKOS is an area of work developing specifications and standards to support the use of knowledge organisation systems (KOS) such as thesauri, classification schemes, subject heading systems and taxonomies within the framework of the Semantic Web."
Wikipedia: Topic Maps "Topic Maps is an ISO standard for the representation and interchange of knowledge, with an emphasis on the findability of information."
Topic Maps Bondin yliopiston Topic Maps -kehitysalusta
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Mind map Concept map graafisia käsitteiden assosioinnin työkaluja
 
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Ontologiakieliä / Ontology Languages

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Tiedon mallinnuskieliä / Data modelling languages

ISO 10303-11 "EXPRESS is the data modelling language of STEP and standardized as ISO 10303-11." - tuotemallinnus
UML UML tietojärjestelmän mallinnuskieli ks. http://fi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unified_Modeling_Language / http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unified_Modeling_Language -

Ontologiakieliä / Ontology Languages |

 
Wikipedia: Ontology language "...ontology languages are formal languages used to construct ontologies."
Wikipedia: F-logic F-logic (frame logic) is a knowledge representation- and ontology language. It accounts in a declarative fashion for structural aspects of object-oriented and frame-based languages. Features include, among others, object identity, complex objects, inheritance, polymorphism, query methods, encapsulation. F-logic stands in the same relationship to object-oriented programming as classical predicate calculus stands to relational database programming.
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SWRL Wiki  
SWRL in Protege Discussion with Martin O'Connor of Stanford
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STEP (ISO EXPRESS 10303)

ISO 10303-11 "EXPRESS is the data modelling language of STEP and standardized as ISO 10303-11."
 

FOL (Simple Common Logic)

Simple Common Logic "Simple Common Logic, or SCL, is a proposal for a unified syntactic/semantic framework for expressing full first-order logical content for transmission on a knowledge network such as the Web."

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Ontologiakieliä / Ontology Languages

Wikipedia: Ontology language "...ontology languages are formal languages used to construct ontologies."
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Wikipedia: F-logic F-logic (frame logic) is a knowledge representation- and ontology language. It accounts in a declarative fashion for structural aspects of object-oriented and frame-based languages. Features include, among others, object identity, complex objects, inheritance, polymorphism, query methods, encapsulation. F-logic stands in the same relationship to object-oriented programming as classical predicate calculus stands to relational database programming.
 

Deskriptiologiikka / Description Logics

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OntologyMatching.org "This web site provides a repository of information devoted to different aspects of ontology matching."

Ontology Acquisition

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OntoWeb SIG5 list "A typical approach in ontology learning from text first involves the extraction of (more or less complex) terms from a domain-specific corpus. Extracted terms are statistically processed to determine their relevance for the domain corpus at hand and clustered into groups with the purpose of identifying a taxonomy of potential classes. Additionally, relations can be identified, mostly by computing a statistical measure of connectedness between identified clusters."
 

Ohjelmakirjastoja / Programming libraries

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Kirjoja / Books

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Oppaita / Guides

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The Ontology Alignment Source "Ontology alignment is the automated resolution of semantic correspondences between the representational elements of heterogenous sytems. ... The Ontology Alignment Source supports the ontology alignment research community by providing a forum that promotes the sharing and comparison of research data."
OntologyMatching.org "This web site provides a repository of information devoted to different aspects of ontology matching."
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Ontology Acquisition

| http://ontoweb-lt.dfki.de/ontology_learn_tools.htm[OntoWeb SIG5 list]] | "A typical approach in ontology learning from text first involves the extraction of (more or less complex) terms from a domain-specific corpus. Extracted terms are statistically processed to determine their relevance for the domain corpus at hand and clustered into groups with the purpose of identifying a taxonomy of potential classes. Additionally, relations can be identified, mostly by computing a statistical measure of connectedness between identified clusters." |
 

Ohjelmakirjastoja / Programming libraries

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Kirjoja / Books

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Oppaita / Guides

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Hankkeita / Projects

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Ontoweb "This is the community site for Ontoweb, a European Union founded project about Ontology-based information exchange for knowledge management and electronic commerce."
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Ontoweb "This is the community site for Ontoweb, a European Union founded project about Ontology-based information exchange for knowledge management and electronic commerce." 2001-4
 
Collaborative Guidance and Knowledge Systems "The Collaborative Guidance and Knowledge Systems (CoGKS) project is a follow-on to the three year Multilingual and Mobile Maintenance Man (4M) project."
Semantic Computing Research Group (SeCo) "The Semantic Computing Research Group (SeCo) researches machine-processable semantics related to, e.g., the Semantic Web. We are located at the Helsinki University of Technology (TKK)."
CO-ODE "The CO-ODE project aims to build authoring tools and infrastructure that make ontology engineering easier. We specifically support the development and use of OWL-DL ontologies..."
Semantic Knowledge Technologies (SEKT) "The EU IST integrated project Semantic Knowledge Technologies (SEKT) developed and exploited semantic knowledge technologies. Core to the SEKT project has been the creation of synergies by combining the three core research areas ontology management, machine learning and natural language processing."
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OntoWeb SIG5: Language Technology for the Semantic Web
 

Yhteisöjä / Communities

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Tutkijoita / Researchers

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Carsten Lutz: Description Logics Deskriptiologiikkaan liittyviä resursseja
Ian Horrocks: Description Logic: Axioms and Rules, 2002 Horrocks avaa ontologioiden ja DAML+OIL-ontologiakielen roolia Semanttisessa verkossa
The Semantic Web: Ontologies and OWL Horrocksin kurssin kurssisivu; lukemista ja materiaaleja
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Complexity of DL Reasoning DL "kirjainten" tulkinta
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Complexity of DL Reasoning DL "kirjainten" tulkinta (saattaa näkyä parhaiten Firefox-selaimessa)
 

RDF – Resource Description Framework

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The Ontology Alignment Source "Ontology alignment is the automated resolution of semantic correspondences between the representational elements of heterogenous sytems. ... The Ontology Alignment Source supports the ontology alignment research community by providing a forum that promotes the sharing and comparison of research data."
OntologyMatching.org "This web site provides a repository of information devoted to different aspects of ontology matching."
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Ohjelmakirjastoja

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Ohjelmakirjastoja / Programming libraries

 
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Plugeja

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Plugineja /Plugins

Visualisoijia / Visualisers

 
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Työkaluja

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Päättelijöitä / Reasoners

Työkaluja / Tools

 
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Sovelluksia

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Sovelluksia / Applications

 

Michael Denny

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Papers

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Artikkeleita / Papers

 
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Books

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Kirjoja / Books

 
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Guides

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Oppaita / Guides

 
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Projects

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Hankkeita / Projects

 
Ontoweb "This is the community site for Ontoweb, a European Union founded project about Ontology-based information exchange for knowledge management and electronic commerce."
Collaborative Guidance and Knowledge Systems "The Collaborative Guidance and Knowledge Systems (CoGKS) project is a follow-on to the three year Multilingual and Mobile Maintenance Man (4M) project."
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CO-ODE "The CO-ODE project aims to build authoring tools and infrastructure that make ontology engineering easier. We specifically support the development and use of OWL-DL ontologies..."
Semantic Knowledge Technologies (SEKT) "The EU IST integrated project Semantic Knowledge Technologies (SEKT) developed and exploited semantic knowledge technologies. Core to the SEKT project has been the creation of synergies by combining the three core research areas ontology management, machine learning and natural language processing."
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Communities

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Yhteisöjä / Communities

 
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Researchers

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Tutkijoita / Researchers

 
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  -- LauriCarlson & MarkusKoljonen Jan-Feb 2008

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ikk332 Ontologiat / Ontologies

 
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Ontologies is an advanced level course on ontologies and their use in language technology. The course is taught by professor Lauri Carlson.
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Ontologies is an advanced level course on ontologies and their use in language technology. The course is taught by professor Lauri Carlson.
 Ontologiat on syventävä kurssi ontologioista ja niiden käytöstä kieliteknologiassa. Kurssia opettaa Lauri Carlson.

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This page lists ontology resources by topic. Please contribute!
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This page lists ontology resources by topic. Please contribute!
 Tällä sivulla on ontologioihin liittyviä resursseja aihepiireittäin. Jos löydät jotain mikä ei vielä ole listalla, lisää se!

Määritelmiä / Definitions

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SWRL – Semantic Web Rule Language

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A Proposal for a SWRL Extension "This is a description of a proposed extension of SWRL to function-free handle unary/binary first-order logic. This is intended to be a minimal extension that fits well with SWRL, OWL, and RDF."
SWRL: A Semantic Web Rule Language Combining OWL and RuleML, version 0.6 "This document contains a proposal for a Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL) based on a combination of the OWL DL and OWL Lite sublanguages of the OWL Web Ontology Language with the Unary/Binary Datalog RuleML sublanguages of the Rule Markup Language."
SWRL: A Semantic Web Rule Language Combining OWL and RuleML, version 0.5 (2003)  
SWRL FOL "This directory contains the Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL) First Order Logic (FOL) language released by the Joint Committee on 2 November 2004. This is the first release of SWRL FOL."
W3C: RIF RDF and OWL Compatibility "Rules interchanged using the Rule Interchange Format RIF may depend on or be used in combination with RDF data and/or RDF Schema or OWL data models. This document ... specifies compatibility of RIF with the Semantic Web languages RDF and RDFS."
SWRL tutorial  
SWRL Wiki  
SWRL in Protege Discussion with Martin O'Connor of Stanford
 

STEP (ISO EXPRESS 10303)

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ISO 10303-11 "EXPRESS is the data modelling language of STEP and standardized as ISO 10303-11."
 

FOL (Simple Common Logic)

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Simple Common Logic "Simple Common Logic, or SCL, is a proposal for a unified syntactic/semantic framework for expressing full first-order logical content for transmission on a knowledge network such as the Web."

Ontology Alignment / Ontology Matching

Wikipedia: Ontology alignment "Ontology Alignment, or ontology matching, is the process of determining correspondences between concepts. A set of correspondences is also called an alignment."
The Ontology Alignment Source "Ontology alignment is the automated resolution of semantic correspondences between the representational elements of heterogenous sytems. ... The Ontology Alignment Source supports the ontology alignment research community by providing a forum that promotes the sharing and comparison of research data."
OntologyMatching.org "This web site provides a repository of information devoted to different aspects of ontology matching."
 

Ohjelmakirjastoja

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Projekteja

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Yhteisöjä

Tutkijoita

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Ontoweb "This is the community site for Ontoweb, a European Union founded project about Ontology-based information exchange for knowledge management and electronic commerce."
Collaborative Guidance and Knowledge Systems "The Collaborative Guidance and Knowledge Systems (CoGKS) project is a follow-on to the three year Multilingual and Mobile Maintenance Man (4M) project."
Semantic Computing Research Group (SeCo) "The Semantic Computing Research Group (SeCo) researches machine-processable semantics related to, e.g., the Semantic Web. We are located at the Helsinki University of Technology (TKK)."
CO-ODE "The CO-ODE project aims to build authoring tools and infrastructure that make ontology engineering easier. We specifically support the development and use of OWL-DL ontologies..."
Semantic Knowledge Technologies (SEKT) "The EU IST integrated project Semantic Knowledge Technologies (SEKT) developed and exploited semantic knowledge technologies. Core to the SEKT project has been the creation of synergies by combining the three core research areas ontology management, machine learning and natural language processing."

Communities

Researchers

 
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-- LauriCarlson & MarkusKoljonen Jan-Feb 2008

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Carsten Lutz: Description Logics Deskriptiologiikkaan liittyviä resursseja
Ian Horrocks: Description Logic: Axioms and Rules, 2002 Horrocks avaa ontologioiden ja DAML+OIL-ontologiakielen roolia Semanttisessa verkossa
The Semantic Web: Ontologies and OWL Horrocksin kurssin kurssisivu; lukemista ja materiaaleja
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Complexity of DL Reasoning DL "kirjainten" tulkinta
 

RDF – Resource Description Framework

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OWL – Web Ontology Language

OWL in W3C "OWL is a Web Ontology language." A list of central resources.
OWL overview "The OWL Web Ontology Language is designed for use by applications that need to process the content of information instead of just presenting information to humans."
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Owl Abstract Syntax Owl abstract syntax
OWL Concrete Abstract Syntax Manchester syntax
 

SWRL – Semantic Web Rule Language

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Työkaluja

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Ontologiat on syventävä kurssi ontologioista ja niiden käytöstä kieliteknologiassa. Kurssia opettaa Lauri Carlson.
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Ontologies is an advanced level course on ontologies and their use in language technology. The course is taught by professor Lauri Carlson. Ontologiat on syventävä kurssi ontologioista ja niiden käytöstä kieliteknologiassa. Kurssia opettaa Lauri Carlson.
 
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This page lists ontology resources by topic. Please contribute!
 Tällä sivulla on ontologioihin liittyviä resursseja aihepiireittäin. Jos löydät jotain mikä ei vielä ole listalla, lisää se!
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Määritelmiä

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Määritelmiä / Definitions

 
Wikipedia: Ontology "...an ontology is a data model that represents a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts. It is used to reason about the objects within that domain."
Tom Gruber: What is an Ontology? "An ontology is a specification of a conceptualization."
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Ontology Works, Inc: What is Ontology? "'The branch of metaphysics that deals with the nature of being.' In short, ontology is the centuries-old branch of philosophy that has as its subject the unchanging features of the universe."
Raul Corazzon: Ontology. A Resource Guide for Philosophers "Ontology is the theory of objects and their ties."
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Kritiikkiä

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Kritiikkiä / Criticism

 
Clay Shirky: Ontology is Overrated: Categories, Links, and Tags "What I think is coming instead are much more organic ways of organizing information than our current categorization schemes allow, based on two units -- the link, which can point to anything, and the tag, which is a way of attaching labels to links. The strategy of tagging -- free-form labeling, without regard to categorical constraints -- seems like a recipe for disaster, but as the Web has shown us, you can extract a surprising amount of value from big messy data sets."
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Historiaa

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Historiaa / History

 
SHOE - Simple Ontology HTML Extensions "SHOE is a small extension to HTML which allows web page authors to annotate their web documents with machine-readable knowledge."
DAML - The DARPA Agent Markup Language "The goal of the DAML effort is to develop a language and tools to facilitate the concept of the Semantic Web."
OIL (Ontology Inference/Interchange Language) "...a proposal for a web-based representation and inference layer for ontologies, which combines the widely used modelling primitives from frame-based languages with the formal semantics and reasoning services provided by description logics."
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Ontologioita

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Ontologioita / Ontologies

 
Swoogle Semanttinen verkkohakukone
Wikipedia: Upper ontology "...an upper ontology (top-level ontology, or foundation ontology) is an attempt to create an ontology which describes very general concepts that are the same across all domains."
koala.owl Koalan ontologia OWL-tiedostona
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Kielellisiä semanttisia verkkoja

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Kielellisiä semanttisia verkkoja / Linguistic Semantic Webs

 
WordNet "WordNet is a large lexical database of English [...] Nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are grouped into sets of cognitive synonyms (synsets), each expressing a distinct concept. Synsets are interlinked by means of conceptual-semantic and lexical relations."
Ontology Creation and Use: SENSUS Sensus-projekti tähtää luonnolisen kielen käsittelyyn tarkoitettujen laajojen ontologioiden luomiseen olemassa olevia tietokantoja yhdistelemällä.
John Bateman's ontology portal  
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Temaattisia / assosiatiivisia semanttisia verkkoja

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Temaattisia/assosiatiivisia semanttisia verkkoja / Thematic or Associative Semantic Webs

 
Simple Knowledge Organisation Systems (SKOS) "SKOS is an area of work developing specifications and standards to support the use of knowledge organisation systems (KOS) such as thesauri, classification schemes, subject heading systems and taxonomies within the framework of the Semantic Web."
Wikipedia: Topic Maps "Topic Maps is an ISO standard for the representation and interchange of knowledge, with an emphasis on the findability of information."
Topic Maps Bondin yliopiston Topic Maps -kehitysalusta
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Ontologiakieliä

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Ontologiakieliä / Ontology Languages

 
Wikipedia: Ontology language "...ontology languages are formal languages used to construct ontologies."
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Deskriptiologiikka

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Deskriptiologiikka / Description Logics

 
Wikipedia: Description logic "Description logics (DL) are a family of knowledge representation languages which can be used to represent the terminological knowledge of an application domain in a structured and formally well-understood way."
Carsten Lutz: Description Logics Deskriptiologiikkaan liittyviä resursseja
Ian Horrocks: Description Logic: Axioms and Rules, 2002 Horrocks avaa ontologioiden ja DAML+OIL-ontologiakielen roolia Semanttisessa verkossa
The Semantic Web: Ontologies and OWL Horrocksin kurssin kurssisivu; lukemista ja materiaaleja
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RDF - Resource Description Framework

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RDF – Resource Description Framework

 
Wikipedia:Resource Description Framework "Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specifications originally designed as a metadata model but which has come to be used as a general method of modeling information..."
W3C: Resource Description Framework (RDF) Spesifikaatioita, lukemista, sovelluskohteita ynnä muuta
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RDFabout.net Joshua Taubererin RDF-resurssisivusto, jossa on muun muassa nopea johdatus RDF:ään.
Dave Beckett's Resource Description Framework (RDF) Resource Guide Laaja resurssilistaus.
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OWL - Web Ontology Language

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OWL – Web Ontology Language

OWL in W3C "OWL is a Web Ontology language." A list of central resources.
OWL overview "The OWL Web Ontology Language is designed for use by applications that need to process the content of information instead of just presenting information to humans."
 
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SWRL - Semantic Web Rule Language

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SWRL – Semantic Web Rule Language

 

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Dave Beckett's Resource Description Framework (RDF) Resource Guide Laaja resurssilistaus.

OWL - Web Ontology Language

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Wikipedia: Web Ontology Language "The Web Ontology Language (OWL) is a language for defining and instantiating Web ontologies."
W3C: Web Ontology Language (OWL)  
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STEP (ISO EXPRESS 10303)

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Deskriptiologiikka

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Wikipedia: Description logic "Description logics (DL) are a family of knowledge representation languages which can be used to represent the terminological knowledge of an application domain in a structured and formally well-understood way."
Carsten Lutz: Description Logics Deskriptiologiikkaan liittyviä resursseja
Ian Horrocks: Description Logic: Axioms and Rules, 2002 Horrocks avaa ontologioiden ja DAML+OIL-ontologiakielen roolia Semanttisessa verkossa
The Semantic Web: Ontologies and OWL Horrocksin kurssin kurssisivu; lukemista ja materiaaleja
 

RDF - Resource Description Framework

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Wikipedia:Resource Description Framework "Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specifications originally designed as a metadata model but which has come to be used as a general method of modeling information..."
W3C: Resource Description Framework (RDF) Spesifikaatioita, lukemista, sovelluskohteita ynnä muuta
W3C: RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: RDF Schema "This specification describes how to use RDF to describe RDF vocabularies. This specification defines a vocabulary for this purpose and defines other built-in RDF vocabulary initially specified in the RDF Model and Syntax Specification."
W3C: RDF Primer "This Primer is designed to provide the reader with the basic knowledge required to effectively use RDF. It introduces the basic concepts of RDF and describes its XML syntax."
RDFabout.net Joshua Taubererin RDF-resurssisivusto, jossa on muun muassa nopea johdatus RDF:ään.
Dave Beckett's Resource Description Framework (RDF) Resource Guide Laaja resurssilistaus.
 

OWL - Web Ontology Language

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Wikipedia: Web Ontology Language "The Web Ontology Language (OWL) is a language for defining and instantiating Web ontologies."
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SWRL - Semantic Web Rule Language

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Tutkijoita

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Wikipedia: Ontology "...an ontology is a data model that represents a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts. It is used to reason about the objects within that domain."
Tom Gruber: What is an Ontology? "An ontology is a specification of a conceptualization."
John F. Sowa: Ontology "The subject of ontology is the study of the categories of things that exist or may exist in some domain. The product of such a study, called an ontology, is a catalog of the types of things that are assumed to exist in a domain of interest D from the perspective of a person who uses a language L for the purpose of talking about D."
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Ontology Works, Inc: What is Ongology? "'The branch of metaphysics that deals with the nature of being.' In short, ontology is the centuries-old branch of philosophy that has as its subject the unchanging features of the universe."
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Ontology Works, Inc: What is Ontology? "'The branch of metaphysics that deals with the nature of being.' In short, ontology is the centuries-old branch of philosophy that has as its subject the unchanging features of the universe."
 
Raul Corazzon: Ontology. A Resource Guide for Philosophers "Ontology is the theory of objects and their ties."

Kritiikkiä

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Kirjoja

 

Oppaita

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Projekteja

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Ontologioita

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Swoogle Semanttinen hakukone
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Swoogle Semanttinen verkkohakukone
 
Wikipedia: Upper ontology "...an upper ontology (top-level ontology, or foundation ontology) is an attempt to create an ontology which describes very general concepts that are the same across all domains."
koala.owl Koalan ontologia OWL-tiedostona

Kielellisiä semanttisia verkkoja

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WordNet "WordNet is a large lexical database of English [...] Nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are grouped into sets of cognitive synonyms (synsets), each expressing a distinct concept. Synsets are interlinked by means of conceptual-semantic and lexical relations."
Ontology Creation and Use: SENSUS Sensus-projekti tähtää luonnolisen kielen käsittelyyn tarkoitettujen laajojen ontologioiden luomiseen olemassa olevia tietokantoja yhdistelemällä.
John Bateman's ontology portal  
 

Temaattisia / assosiatiivisia semanttisia verkkoja

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Simple Knowledge Organisation Systems (SKOS) "SKOS is an area of work developing specifications and standards to support the use of knowledge organisation systems (KOS) such as thesauri, classification schemes, subject heading systems and taxonomies within the framework of the Semantic Web."
Wikipedia: Topic Maps "Topic Maps is an ISO standard for the representation and interchange of knowledge, with an emphasis on the findability of information."
Topic Maps Bondin yliopiston Topic Maps -kehitysalusta
 

Ontologiakieliä

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Wikipedia: Ontology language "...ontology languages are formal languages used to construct ontologies."
 

Deskriptiologiikka

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  • OWL (Web Ontology Language)
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OWL - Web Ontology Language

 
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SWRL (Semantic Web Rule Language)

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SWRL - Semantic Web Rule Language

 

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Ikk332 Ontologiat

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ikk332 Ontologiat

  Ontologiat on syventävä kurssi ontologioista ja niiden käytöstä kieliteknologiassa. Kurssia opettaa Lauri Carlson.
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Määritelmiä

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Wikipedia: Ontology "...an ontology is a data model that represents a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts. It is used to reason about the objects within that domain."
Tom Gruber: What is an Ontology? "An ontology is a specification of a conceptualization."
John F. Sowa: Ontology "The subject of ontology is the study of the categories of things that exist or may exist in some domain. The product of such a study, called an ontology, is a catalog of the types of things that are assumed to exist in a domain of interest D from the perspective of a person who uses a language L for the purpose of talking about D."
Ontology Works, Inc: What is Ongology? "'The branch of metaphysics that deals with the nature of being.' In short, ontology is the centuries-old branch of philosophy that has as its subject the unchanging features of the universe."
Raul Corazzon: Ontology. A Resource Guide for Philosophers "Ontology is the theory of objects and their ties."
 

Kritiikkiä

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Clay Shirky: Ontology is Overrated: Categories, Links, and Tags "What I think is coming instead are much more organic ways of organizing information than our current categorization schemes allow, based on two units -- the link, which can point to anything, and the tag, which is a way of attaching labels to links. The strategy of tagging -- free-form labeling, without regard to categorical constraints -- seems like a recipe for disaster, but as the Web has shown us, you can extract a surprising amount of value from big messy data sets."
 

Historiaa

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SHOE - Simple Ontology HTML Extensions "SHOE is a small extension to HTML which allows web page authors to annotate their web documents with machine-readable knowledge."
DAML - The DARPA Agent Markup Language "The goal of the DAML effort is to develop a language and tools to facilitate the concept of the Semantic Web."
OIL (Ontology Inference/Interchange Language) "...a proposal for a web-based representation and inference layer for ontologies, which combines the widely used modelling primitives from frame-based languages with the formal semantics and reasoning services provided by description logics."
 

Ontologioita

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Swoogle Semanttinen hakukone
Wikipedia: Upper ontology "...an upper ontology (top-level ontology, or foundation ontology) is an attempt to create an ontology which describes very general concepts that are the same across all domains."
koala.owl Koalan ontologia OWL-tiedostona
 

Kielellisiä semanttisia verkkoja

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Temaattisia / assosiatiivisia semanttisia verkkoja

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Ikk332 Ontologiat

 
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Syventävä kurssi ontologioista ja niiden käytöstä kieliteknologiassa.
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Ontologiat on syventävä kurssi ontologioista ja niiden käytöstä kieliteknologiassa. Kurssia opettaa Lauri Carlson.
 
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Määritelmiä

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology_%28computer_science%29

http://www-ksl.stanford.edu/kst/what-is-an-ontology.html

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http://www.jfsowa.com/ontology/
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Tällä sivulla on ontologioihin liittyviä resursseja aihepiireittäin. Jos löydät jotain mikä ei vielä ole listalla, lisää se!
 
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http://ontologyworks.com/what_is_ontology.php
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Määritelmiä

 
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Kritiikkiä

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http://www.shirky.com/writings/ontology_overrated.html
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Historiaa

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http://www.cs.umd.edu/projects/plus/SHOE/

http://www.daml.org/

http://www.ontoknowledge.org/oil/

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Ontologioita

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http://swoogle.umbc.edu/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_ontology_%28computer_science%29

http://protege.stanford.edu/plugins/owl/owl-library/koala.owl

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Kielellisiä semanttisia verkkoja

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http://wordnet.princeton.edu/

http://www.isi.edu/natural-language/resources/sensus.html

http://www.fb10.uni-bremen.de/anglistik/langpro/webspace/jb/info-pages/ontology/ontology-root.htm

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Temaattisia / assosiatiivisia semanttisia verkkoja

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Topic_map

http://topicmaps.it.bond.edu.au/mda/internet/semantic-web/ontology

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Ontologiakieliä

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology_language
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Deskriptiologiikka
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Deskriptiologiikka

 
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Description_logic
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http://dl.kr.org/
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RDF - Resource Description Framework

 
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http://www.cs.man.ac.uk/~horrocks/Slides/dagstuhlS070202.pdf
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http://www.cs.man.ac.uk/~horrocks/Teaching/cs646/
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SWRL (Semantic Web Rule Language)

 
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RDF - Resource Description Framework
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STEP (ISO EXPRESS 10303)

 
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FOL (Simple Common Logic)

 
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http://www.rdfabout.net

http://planetrdf.com/guide/

OWL (Web Ontology Language)

http://www.w3.org/2004/OWL

http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-features/

SWRL (Semantic Web Rule Language)

http://www.daml.org/2004/11/fol/

http://www.w3.org/TR/rif-rdf-owl/

STEP (ISO EXPRESS 10303)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_10303-11

FOL (Simple Common Logic)

http://www.w3.org/2004/12/rules-ws/paper/103/

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Ohjelmakirjastoja

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http://jena.sourceforge.net/

http://owl-eclipse.projects.semwebcentral.org/html/userguide/concepts-8.1.html

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Plugeja

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http://www.racer-systems.com/products/download/index.phtml

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Työkaluja

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http://www.mindswap.org/2002/owl.shtml

http://www.lpt.rwth-aachen.de/Research/OntoCAPE/daml2owl.php

http://phoebus.cs.man.ac.uk:9999/OWL/Validator

http://owl.bbn.com/validator/

http://owl.bbn.com/validator/#www

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Sovelluksia

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Michael Denny http://www.xml.com/pub/au/160

2002 http://www.xml.com/pub/a/2002/11/06/ontologies.html http://www.xml.com/2002/11/06/Ontology_Editor_Survey.html

2004 http://www.xml.com/pub/a/2004/07/14/onto.html http://www.xml.com/2004/07/14/examples/Ontology_Editor_Survey_2004_Table_-_Michael_Denny.pdf

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Michael Denny

 
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2002

2004

 

Protege

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Papereita

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http://www.loa-cnr.it/Papers/FOIS98.pdf

http://www.co-ode.org/resources/papers/ekaw2004.pdf

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Oppaita

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http://www.loa-cnr.it/Tutorials.html

http://ontolog.cim3.net/file/resource/presentation/OntoClean--ChrisWelty_20041118/guarinowelty_final_v4.pdf

http://protege.stanford.edu/publications/ontology_development/ontology101.html

http://www.co-ode.org/resources/tutorials/ProtegeOWLTutorial.pdf

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Projekteja

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http://www.ontoweb.org/

http://4m.cs.hut.fi/

http://www.cs.helsinki.fi/group/seco

http://www.co-ode.org/

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Yhteisöjä

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IFOMIS - Institute for Formal Ontology and Medical Information Science http://www.ifomis.org/

ECOR - European Centre for Ontological Research http://www.ecor.uni-saarland.de/

LOA - Laboratory for Applied Ontology http://www.loa-cnr.it/

NCOR -National Center for Ontological Research http://ncor.us

Ontolog Community http://ontolog.cim3.net/

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>
 

Tutkijoita

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Barry Smith - University of Buffalo http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/

Chris Menzel - Texas A&M University http://philebus.tamu.edu/~cmenzel/

William McCarthy - Michigan State University http://www.msu.edu/user/mccarth4/

Christopher Welty - IBM Research http://www.research.ibm.com/people/w/welty/

>
>
  -- LauriCarlson - 14 Jan 2008

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Ikk332ont Ontologiat

Syventävä kurssi ontologioista ja niiden käytöstä kieliteknologiassa.

Määritelmiä

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology_%28computer_science%29

http://www-ksl.stanford.edu/kst/what-is-an-ontology.html

http://www.jfsowa.com/ontology/

http://ontologyworks.com/what_is_ontology.php

http://www.formalontology.it/

Kritiikkiä

http://www.shirky.com/writings/ontology_overrated.html

Historiaa

http://www.cs.umd.edu/projects/plus/SHOE/

http://www.daml.org/

http://www.ontoknowledge.org/oil/

Ontologioita

http://swoogle.umbc.edu/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_ontology_%28computer_science%29

http://protege.stanford.edu/plugins/owl/owl-library/koala.owl

Kielellisiä semanttisia verkkoja

http://wordnet.princeton.edu/

http://www.isi.edu/natural-language/resources/sensus.html

http://www.fb10.uni-bremen.de/anglistik/langpro/webspace/jb/info-pages/ontology/ontology-root.htm

Temaattisia / assosiatiivisia semanttisia verkkoja

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Topic_map

http://topicmaps.it.bond.edu.au/mda/internet/semantic-web/ontology

Ontologiakieliä

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology_language

Deskriptiologiikka

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Description_logic

http://dl.kr.org/

http://www.cs.man.ac.uk/~horrocks/Slides/dagstuhlS070202.pdf

http://www.cs.man.ac.uk/~horrocks/Teaching/cs646/

RDF - Resource Description Framework

http://www.w3.org/RDF/

http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-schema/

http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/

http://www.rdfabout.net

http://planetrdf.com/guide/

OWL (Web Ontology Language)

http://www.w3.org/2004/OWL

http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-features/

SWRL (Semantic Web Rule Language)

http://www.daml.org/2004/11/fol/

http://www.w3.org/TR/rif-rdf-owl/

STEP (ISO EXPRESS 10303)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_10303-11

FOL (Simple Common Logic)

http://www.w3.org/2004/12/rules-ws/paper/103/

Ohjelmakirjastoja

http://www.openrdf.org/

http://jena.sourceforge.net/

http://owl-eclipse.projects.semwebcentral.org/html/userguide/concepts-8.1.html

Plugeja

UML http://www.omg.org/technology/documents/formal/uml.htm

http://www.racer-systems.com/products/download/index.phtml

Työkaluja

http://www.daml.org/2003/06/owlConversion/

http://www.mindswap.org/2002/owl.shtml

http://www.lpt.rwth-aachen.de/Research/OntoCAPE/daml2owl.php

http://phoebus.cs.man.ac.uk:9999/OWL/Validator

http://owl.bbn.com/validator/

http://owl.bbn.com/validator/#www

Sovelluksia

Michael Denny http://www.xml.com/pub/au/160

2002 http://www.xml.com/pub/a/2002/11/06/ontologies.html http://www.xml.com/2002/11/06/Ontology_Editor_Survey.html

2004 http://www.xml.com/pub/a/2004/07/14/onto.html http://www.xml.com/2004/07/14/examples/Ontology_Editor_Survey_2004_Table_-_Michael_Denny.pdf

Protege

http://protege.stanford.edu/plugins/owl/protege-owl-faq.html

Papereita

http://www.loa-cnr.it/Papers/FOIS98.pdf

http://www.co-ode.org/resources/papers/ekaw2004.pdf

Oppaita

http://www.loa-cnr.it/Tutorials.html

http://ontolog.cim3.net/file/resource/presentation/OntoClean--ChrisWelty_20041118/guarinowelty_final_v4.pdf

http://protege.stanford.edu/publications/ontology_development/ontology101.html

http://www.co-ode.org/resources/tutorials/ProtegeOWLTutorial.pdf

Projekteja

http://www.ontoweb.org/

http://4m.cs.hut.fi/

http://www.cs.helsinki.fi/group/seco

http://www.co-ode.org/

Yhteisöjä

IFOMIS - Institute for Formal Ontology and Medical Information Science http://www.ifomis.org/

ECOR - European Centre for Ontological Research http://www.ecor.uni-saarland.de/

LOA - Laboratory for Applied Ontology http://www.loa-cnr.it/

NCOR -National Center for Ontological Research http://ncor.us

Ontolog Community http://ontolog.cim3.net/

Tutkijoita

Barry Smith - University of Buffalo http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/

Chris Menzel - Texas A&M University http://philebus.tamu.edu/~cmenzel/

William McCarthy - Michigan State University http://www.msu.edu/user/mccarth4/

Christopher Welty - IBM Research http://www.research.ibm.com/people/w/welty/

-- LauriCarlson - 14 Jan 2008

 
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